Ortodonzia Studio Dentistico Raschiotti Sanremo
Ortodonzia

Orthodontia

Orthodontics is concerned with correcting the position of teeth by improving chewing, breathing, and aesthetics.

The Major Orthodontic Defects

Open bite: when the molars close between them but the front teeth do not touch.
Deep bite: the molars close together but the upper front teeth cover the lower ones too much.
Crossbite: molars close but some upper teeth close internally to lower ones.

The types of Malocclusion

First class: the upper arch is in the correct position relative to the lower arch but the teeth are crowded, crooked or far from their position.
Second class: the upper arch is too far forward or the lower arch too far back.
Third class: the lower arch is too far forward or the upper arch too far back.

The Orthodontic Treatment

Movable appliance: is usually used to expand the palate or to guide chewing into the correct position or even to correct habits such as finger sucking and mouth breathing.
Fixed appliance: consists of attachments glued to the teeth, each attachment is joined to the others by a wire that is molded or replaced during checkups. Fixed braces can only be put on and taken off in the office.
Palatal expander: widens an overly narrow palate to create space for crowded teeth.

Invisible orthodontics: clear aligners

This is a relatively recent technique that allows teeth to be moved with customized transparent cover without the need for wires or metal attachments. The transparent aligners, made of a special transparent polymer, are responsible for moving the tooth elements each by a few millimeters using light and controlled forces, according to the design defined together with the specialist. A numbered and customized set of aligners is made for each patient based on the impressions made by the dentist.Each template is worn for two weeks and can be removed for eating and brushing teeth. The final result can be seen even before the treatment begins through the clin check, or a digital treatment schedule that virtually shows the shift that the teeth will make aligner after aligner until the set goal is reached. The duration of treatment varies depending on the case and the difficulty of the movements to be achieved, but an average treatment is about 12 months. The method is suitable for adult and adolescent patients to treat various malocclusions, such as open bite, deep bite, and crossbite, but it is particularly suitable for cases of crowding or excessive spaces between teeth.