Odontoiatria Pediatrica Studio Dentistico Raschiotti Sanremo
Odontoiatria pediatrica

Pediatric dentistry

Pedodontics or pediatric dentistry deals with the prevention and treatment of diseases of the mouth during childhood and adolescence.

At what age is it right to take the child to the dentist?

The right age to accompany a child to a dental visit is three to four years old, this is so that they can become familiar with the dental environment and lay the foundation for a relationship of trust and cooperation.

Why should baby teeth be treated?

Milk teeth should always be cared for and maintained, as they perform important functions: they guide the eruption of the permanent teeth by maintaining the correct space, they are obviously necessary for masticatory and phonatory function, and their presence allows harmonious development of the bone bases. If caries in a baby tooth is allowed to progress, there is a risk that it will reach the pulp of the tooth, just as in the adult, causing pain and infection, with the need and difficulties of urgent intervention to a child unaccustomed to the dental office environment.

At what age do permanent teeth emerge?

The first permanent teeth emerge around age 6 and are usually the first molars, which are born at the back of the mouth, without the loss of any baby teeth, so parents often do not think that they are already permanent. Precisely because they erupt so early they are at greater risk of caries, in fact they are often intervened with a procedure called sealing, which prevents their caries formation during childhood.

Prevention of caries

Caries prevention begins with instruction in proper tooth brushing using fluoride toothpastes. In addition to sealing, a procedure called fluoride-prophylaxis is carried out during periodic checkup sessions, which involves the application of fluoride gel that makes teeth more resistant to caries attack. If a tooth is fractured, the fragment should be retrieved and stored in saline, milk or saliva. Then go to the dental office as soon as possible to carry out the necessary treatment.

At what age is it assessed whether braces are needed?

Problems of malocclusion should be assessed early, so in the presence of milk teeth or mixed teeth (milk and definitive), this allows them to be resolved more easily, taking advantage of the child’s skeletal growth. If intercepted too late, when growth has already occurred, resolution may not be complete or feasible with braces alone, but only surgically.